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Chia 🌱 - DataLayer, getting started tutorial using the CLI on Linux

It's time to get down to work and start working on a data replication scenario between two Chia hosts with Data Layer

7 min read
Chia 🌱 - DataLayer, getting started tutorial using the CLI on Linux

In the last article, we talked about Chia DataLayer, a general use and public decentralized database that means a technological paradigm little seen since then.


It’s the moment to get down to work and start working on a basic stage where we have two hosts with an installation of the official blockchain of Chia.

The steps will be realized through a Command-line interface (CLI) in a Linux environment.

One of the hosts will be shaped as a publisher and create a datastore and a mirror when we post raw data. The other host will be shaped as an observer and will be subscribed to the previously created datastore, then, we realized tests to check the data synchronisation.

1. Requirements

diagram datalayer intro scenario
Tutorial final scenario
Instructions for both hosts
  • Two Linux machines with the distribution of your choice, prepared with the latest available version of the Chia blockchain. Clone the Chia-Network/chia-blockchain git repository to a directory (e.g. in /etc).
sudo git clone /etc/chia-blockchain
Always verify that we are using the official repository to install Chia, in order to avoid downloading malicious code
  • For each Chia installation, have a standard wallet synchronized (it is not necessary to have a synchronized full node).
  • Choose the host and wallet that will create the datastore and make sure you have at least 0.1 XCH (100000000000 Mojo) in it as they will be needed to create the datastore. If the amount is not available, it is recommended to follow the instructions below to achieve this in approximately 10min.
  • A mirror will be available on the publisher machine for the data publishing process, make sure there is no firewall interrupting incoming communications to TCP port 8575 on that machine.

As an example, the galixeon machine will assume the role of publisher and galichia will become a subscriber.

We access the publisher machine via a command-line interface, locate ourselves in the directory where the chia-blockchain repository was cloned, and activate the Python virtual environment with the command . ./activate.

If this is a new Chia installation, it will be necessary to pre-execute the chia init command and follow the instructions to generate the initial configuration and generate the key strings necessary for blockchain operation.

2. Enable services

Instructions for both hosts

To interact with the parties involved inDataLayerfunctioning, it is necessary to enable wallet and data services, using the following command:

chia start data wallet
chia start data wallet

3. Wallets check

Instructions for both hosts

Once the services are started, we verify that we have two wallets: A STANDARD WALLET and a Data LAYER wallet. The wallets must be synchronized with the Chia network, otherwise,it will not be possible to perform network operations. We execute the following command:

chia wallet show

If the word Synced appears we are ready to operate, in case the status wasSyncing, it is necessary to wait for it to finish synchronise.

chia wallet show output
As we have mentioned in the Requirements section, verify that the standard wallet of the Publisher machine contains at least 0.1 XCH since otherwise, it will not be possible to create datastores, remember that this amount will be returned to the wallet when the datastore will be removed. If the required quantity is not available it is recommended to follow the instructions below to achieve this in approximately 10min.
All wallets operate with the same address or public key. If it is necessary to know the address to send XCH simply execute: chia wallet get_address.

4. Create a datastore

Instructions for publisher host

Okay! We are ready to create our first Chia datastore. We have just to execute the following command:

chia data create_data_store
chia data create_data_store output

We'll see a lot of information in the output; if everything went right, it will be very similar to the previous capture. We'll just keep the datastore ID, copy it and save it.

If you need to consult again the datastore ID, run chia data get_owned_stores.

5. Hello World

Data publication

Instruction for publisher host

We return to our Publisher host and we will try to create a dataset to test the replication process. To do this we will publish a key-valuedata set. Data travelling through the Data Layer can only be of a hexadecimal type so everything we want to publishonthe data repository will need to be transformed before sending it.

Simply adapt the DATASTORE ID, KEY and VALUE variables to the desired values, copy and paste the instructions to create a simple data entry. The xxd command is responsible for converting to hexadecimal in the correct format.


chia data update_data_store --id=$DATASTORE_ID -d "[{\"action\":\"insert\", \"key\":\"$(xxd -pu <<< $CLAVE)\", \"value\":\"$(xxd -pu <<< $VALOR)\"}]"
chia data update_data_store output

The output must contain the field {'success': True}. We can observe the key tx id that indicates the transaction identifier, which is public within the blockchain.

You can view the transaction status and related details by searching for the transaction ID on

Data inclusion check

Instruction for publisher host

We will verify that the data has been included in the blockchain and that the unique hash that identifies the change and its content have been generated:

chia data get_root_history --id=DATASTORE_ID
chia data get_root_history output

As we can see in the output, we have a json with three elements (the first element is the root and always autogenerated), which are the number of transactions that have been generated for that datastore and each element, if the transaction is confirmed, the inclusion proof (the hash) and a timestamp of when the transaction was validated.

6. Mirror creation

Now that we know how to log transactions within the blockchain and check their inclusion, it is time for the data from the datastore willbe replicable to other chia nodes. To do this it is necessary to create a mirror that pointsto the identifier of the datastore which we will connect retrospectively from the host subscriber.

Start the service

We start by starting the mirror service called data_layer_http which will be available through TCP port 8575. If you have a domain name that points to the publisher machine, you can use that name. Otherwise, use the public IP directly.

chia start data_layer_http
chia start data_layer_http

Add the mirror

We run the following command in which we specify whit -i the ID of the datastore, with -u the FQDN or IP that points to the host and whit -a small number of Mojos. This parameter serves to decide the choosing priority of the mirror in the case of having multiple mirrors for a datastore.

chia data add_mirror -i DATASTORE_ID -u http://NOMBRE_O_IP:8575 -a 1000
chia data add_mirror output

7. Subscribe to the datastore

Instruction for subscriber host

Now it is the turn of the subscriber machine to subscribe to the newly created datastore and mirror. To do this, run the following command and replace STORE ID with the previously created datastore ID:

chia data subscribe -store STORE_ID -u http://NOMBRE_O_IP:8575
chia data subscribe output

Data inclusion test

Let's verify that the data has been successfully replicated through DataLayer, from the subscriber host. We run again:

chia data get_root_history --id=DATASTORE_ID
chia data get_root_history output

As we can see in the output, we have the same json with the root element and the two transactions that we have previously generated. That means that the changes are already spread to our node.

8. Reading data

Now that we know the data is available, let's try to visualize it. Using the following command we will see the raw data in hexadecimal:

chia data get_keys_values --id=STORE_ID
chia data get_keys_values

We see two elements inside the json array, with their key-value relationship. If we wanted to view only the available keys, run:

chia data get_keys --id=STORE_ID
chia data get_keys

If we want to know quickly the decryption value of a hexadecimal field, simply run the xxd command again with the parameters to revert. For example:

echo 0x4352495053495358595a0a | xxd -r -p
transform to hex with xxd

And ready! Now we understand how Chia data replication works.

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